Leprosy: An ancient disease that still threatens global health

Leprosy is a chronic granulomatous disease caused by Mycobacterium leprae that targets cutaneous and neural tissue. International prevalence has fallen dramatically from over five million in 1985 to 176,000 at the end of 2015, with a handful of endemic countries now accounting for over 90% of cases. However, increasing international travel and migration means that leprosy remains an international concern. We present the case of a 28-year-old Nepalese migrant working as a chef with biopsy-proven tuberculoid leprosy. Developed countries like Australia, in which Leprosy is now rarely seen still need to remain vigilant and adequately screen for this contagious disease.

Dr. Olivia Charlton